Tag: Tunisia

  • The political economy of energy subsidies in Egypt and Tunisia: the untold story

    By: Ferdinand Eibl

    Energy subsidies have been described as socially inequitable and fiscally draining for economies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This is particularly true for resource-scarce, labour-abundant economies such as Tunisia and Egypt who cannot rely on ample resource rents to finance energy subsidies. Despite these shortcomings, governments have struggled to reform subsidies and […]

  • Energy and Arab Economic Development

    By: Bassam Fattouh , Laura El-Katiri

    Like no other region, energy resources have shaped the Arab world and its modern-day development trajectory. Endowed with some of the world’s most important oil and natural gas reserves, countries in the Arab world have over the past four decades produced and exported more oil than those of any other region, and hold reserves sufficient […]