The final decision in the commercial arbitration between Gazprom and Naftogaz Ukrainy, on multiple disputes over their gas supply and transit contracts for 2009-19, was issued late last month. The total claims in the case, which started in 2014 at the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, were reported to be higher than […]
This article, published in Gazprom Export Blue Fuel Magazine, examines the consequences of record Russian exports into the EU. If Gazprom’s market share is too high in the future, could this allow the EU to push its new policy agenda?
Gazprom has confounded many expectations by enjoying two record years of gas sales in Europe in 2016 and 2017. External factors have certainly played a role in its success, with overall European demand rebounding, indigenous production continuing to fall and alternative sources of imports failing to deliver at the expected levels (especially LNG). In addition, […]
The sale and purchase of Russian gas in the post-Soviet era has been dominated by the need for Gazprom, the dominant player, to sell to consumers at a regulated price. Since 1998 other producers, known in Russian legal terminology as the independents, have been able to sell gas at market prices, but these prices have […]
Thierry Bros on the impact of the arrival of a new competitor (US LNG) on European prices where Gazprom has a sizeable market share and hence real market power, at the November 2017 Energetika Conference in St Petersburg.
In a world of low commodity prices the potential for conflict between hydrocarbon producers and governments over tax revenues is exacerbated. In Russia this is even more true because the state relies so heavily on taxes from the oil and gas sectors and because producers are increasingly having to invest in new more remote assets […]
In the first of our OIES Energy Podcast series David Ledesma interviews Tatiana Mitrova, an OIES Visiting Research Fellow, on the topic of Russian Gas. They discuss Gazprom’s export strategy, the current state of the domestic market in Russia, the politics of Russian gas in Europe and the potential impact of Russian gas on the […]
In June 2009 the European Commission (EC) adopted an exemption decision which prevented Gazprom from being able to utilise more than 50 per cent of capacity in the OPAL pipeline (one of Nord Stream 1 onshore extensions). This led to a situation when OPAL capacity remained underutilised due to a lack of demand from third […]
A detailed analysis by Jonathan Stern and Katja Yafimava of Gazprom’s March 2017 competition commitments in respect of gas sales to Central and Eastern Europe, concludes that the concerns expressed by DG COMP in respect of territorial restrictions, pricing, and infrastructure issues have been addressed, both in form and in substance. Acceptance of these commitments […]
On 13 March 2017 DG COMP announced its satisfaction with Gazprom’s commitments, submitted in response to DG COMP’s concerns in respect of Gazprom’s alleged anti-competitive practices in several central and east European EU member states, relating to territorial restrictions, pricing, and infrastructure. Gazprom’s commitments have addressed all substantiated DG COMP concerns and their acceptance would […]
2017 will be a momentous year for Russia’s LNG business, as the Yamal LNG project is due to come online by the end of the year. This will not only be the first Russian-operated LNG development, but will also mark a major shift in the Russian gas sector, as Novatek, rather than Gazprom, has been […]
Since the OPAL pipeline started operating, more than five years ago, Gazprom has been unable to use more than 50 per cent of its capacity – even if such was not required by third parties – due to a regulatory cap imposed by the European Commission (EC) in June 2009. In October 2016 the EC […]
LNG in marine transport – is it about to become the environmentally-friendly fuel of choice? https://t.co/iN1e4pdLX7
OIES presentation quoted on impact of Iranian sanctions: oil market backdrop different with crude stocks below 5-ye… https://t.co/rwJaHHwzbk
OIES’s @thierry_bros on the need to move from oil to energy storage for the benefit of all - https://t.co/8yAzoF3pf4