Research

The following provides summaries of the research in progress by staff of the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. The Institute’s unique multidisciplinary expertise allows it to examine the economics, the politics and the sociology of energy with a focus on oil and natural gas.

The specific subjects of research in progress, while set within these broad lines, necessarily reflects the particular research capacities, skills and interests of the research fellows.

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  • Methane leakage: a key issue for the gas industry

    By: Chris N Le Fevre

    As the gas industry attempts to find a role in a decarbonised energy system, it will need to convince policy makers of its green credentials. One key obstacle in the debate is the allegation that methane leakage across the gas chain significantly undermines the argument that gas is an environmentally friendly alternative to coal. The […]

  • North African gas supply and the potential for an LNG hub

    By: Ali Aissaoui

    This Energy Insight will explore the supply developments in North Africa, and will discuss the potential for expanding the use of LNG facilities there that have seen falling throughput over the past few years due to political disruption or increasing use of gas in domestic markets. Facilities in Egypt, Libya and Algeria are all underutilized […]

  • African Gas Markets

    By: Thierry Bros

    This working paper will investigate a major new source of potential gas demand in a continent where energy poverty remains a key issue. The paper will explore the main issues surrounding the opening of new, but relatively poor, gas markets, discussing the problems of credit-worthiness and lack of infrastructure as important obstacles for suppliers of […]

  • The European Gas Market in 2016

    By: Anouk Honoré

    This Energy Insight will describe the key features of the European gas market in 2016, a year in which demand continued to rebound but supply was, somewhat surprisingly, constrained. Colder weather and improved economic activity boosted energy demand, with gas benefitting because prices fell (in line with the oil price) while the cost of coal […]

  • The Future of Indian gas post COP 21

    By: Anupama Sen

    The Indian gas market has huge potential for growth that has been undermined to date by poor performance in the country’s upstream sector and a confused pricing strategy. The country has recently become an increasing importer of LNG, taking advantage of lower prices in 2016, and the Insight will examine whether this is a short-term […]

  • Biogas in Europe

    By: Martin Lambert

    As gas seeks to demonstrate that it has a role in a decarbonized energy economy, biogas may become an important part of the industry’s argument in favour of a long-term role for the fuel. This Insight will describe the current state of the biogas industry in Europe, will examine the economics of biogas production and […]

  • China’s independent refiners

    By: Michal Meidan

    China’s independent ‘teapot’ refiners have wreaked havoc on the global oil market since they began receiving quotas to import and run crude oil in July 2015. Their crude imports, reaching over 1 mb/d, have accounted for the vast majority of China’s incremental buying in 2016, tapping into a wide variety of suppliers and tweaking crude […]

  • Electricity markets in transition: adapting design for technological evolution and consumer preferences

    By: Donna Peng , Rahmat Poudineh

    Electricity markets are not natural, they are designed and not technology-neutral. On one hand, the design is informed by the underlying properties of the production/exchange that the market is supposed to coordinate (existing technical fundamentals), on the other hand, once formalized, a historical design can advantage technologies based on which it was designed at the […]

  • Japanese Upstream Oil Investment Strategies – A Case Study of the Gulf

    By: Loftur Thorarinsson

    The research paper discusses the structure of the Japanese upstream oil industry, investment strategies of Japanese market players and attempts to acquire concessions through case studies in the Gulf Cooperation Council, Iran and Iraq. Japan is the 4th largest importer of oil in the world and more than 80% of the 3,37 MMbpd (2015) were […]

  • Fiscal reform of the energy sector in Europe

    By: David Robinson

    This research paper will argue that the current fiscal treatment of energy in many EU countries is distorting competition in final energy markets and raising the cost of decarbonisation.  There are two central problems. The first is that many countries have not introduced taxation of environmental externalities (CO2, NOx, SO2, other particulates), notably in transport […]

  • Renewables, Energy Efficiency and Natural Gas: No Easy Partnership – The Example of Germany

    By: Ralf Dickel

    The German Energiewende of 2010 amended in 2011 by nuclear phase out by 2022 aimed at a reduction of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions by 80 – 95% by 2050 with clearly defined decennial interim targets. The target by 2020 is reducing GHG emissions by 40% compared to 1990, a share of renewables of at […]

  • Future European transportation bottlenecks

    By: Howard Rogers , Beatrice Petrovich , Florian Weiser , Harald Heckling

    After focusing on a historic perspective on bottlenecks in the gas infrastructure1, the second phase of this joint OIES-ewi Energy Research & Scenarios project focuses on the future to 2030. OIES scenarios about the future development of European gas demand and supply by source are used as an input for ewi’s TIGER model. Based on […]

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