Energy and the Environment


Competitiveness – the wedge issue that is driving EU energy and climate policies apart

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The impact of Europe’s high energy prices – relative to international competitors like the US – on European industry has risen to the top of the EU’s political agenda, and is causing growing tension between EU energy and climate policies. This working paper, to be completed by late spring 2014, aims to define the issue [...]

Categories / Country and Regional Studies, Energy and the Environment, Energy Policy, Research


Global History of Fossil Fuel Consumption from 1950

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Global fossil fuel consumption in 2000-2009 was running at more than four times the level of 1950-1959. Since fossil fuel consumption, and production, are key causes of global warming, it is generally accepted that reduction of both would be a good thing. And yet policies aimed at reducing consumption, at both national and international level, [...]

Categories / Energy and the Environment, Energy Policy, Research


Implications of decarbonisation for electricity demand

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The focus of electricity decarbonisation to date has largely been on the supply side – substituting low carbon sources like renewables and nuclear for conventional generation.  However, the implications for the electricity demand side are equally fundamental; it is not just that new pricing and metering systems will be needed – the customer will also [...]

Categories / Electricity & Nuclear, Energy and the Environment, Research


Mainstreaming Climate Policy in the Gulf Cooperation Council

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This paper by Mari Luomi examines current trends in domestic climate policy in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states. Given the politicisation of the topic at the international level, the paper takes a bottom-up approach that departs from the countries’ national circumstances, capabilities and vulnerabilities. It emphasises the opportunities inherent in integrating the goals of [...]

Categories / Country and Regional Studies, Energy and the Environment, Research


Spanish renewable energy policy and its implications

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Spain is one of the leaders in the development of renewable electricity.  I will explain the drivers of this process and explore some of the important implications, among others the diminished and changing role of coal and natural gas in the system, and the need to change the design of the wholesale market.  Spain’s experience [...]

Categories / Country and Regional Studies, Electricity & Nuclear, Energy and the Environment, Renewable, Research


Sustainable Energy in Brazil – Trends, Policies and Prospects

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To read the published paper please click here. This study examines sustainable energy patterns in Brazil at present and in the mid and long term. It presents an assessment of the country’s sustainable energy trends, policies and potential. Surveying existing literature, reports and data on sustainable energy and climate change mitigation in the country, the [...]

Categories / Country and Regional Studies, Energy and the Environment, Energy Policy, Renewable, Research, Research in Progress


The New German Energy Policy – What Role for Gas in a De-carbonization Policy ?

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To view the published paper please click here. Germany decided on an ambitious new energy policy  in 2010 (New Energy Concept) which aims at decarbonizing  its economy by 2050 by 80 – 95 per cent vs. 1990. In addition it decided  after the Fukushima incident in March 2011 to completely phase out nuclear by 2022 [...]

Categories / Country and Regional Studies, Energy and the Environment, Energy Policy, Gas, Research


U.S. – the long road to coal exports to Asia

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The future level of U.S. coal exports is strongly linked to the level of international prices and the building of new export capacities on the Pacific coast enabling the country to remain competitive on the Asian coal market. The proposed paper will look at the current and future evolution of U.S. coal exports. It will [...]

Categories / Country and Regional Studies, Energy and the Environment, Energy Policy, Research


US climate change policy and coal-based generation

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This paper will analyze the current situation and the prospects for coal-based generation in the US, and indirectly for natural gas and other sources of power. The paper will draw on published EIA and commercial information sources to consider the balance of factors favoring coal-based generation and those that damage coal’s prospects. The research questions [...]

Categories / Country and Regional Studies, Energy and the Environment, Research