Energy and the Environment

Europe’s long energy journey: towards an Energy Union?

By: , Malcolm Keay

This book will explore how far the European Union can go towards its new goal of forming its 28 member states into an Energy Union, in the belief that this will deliver energy affordability, security and sustainability. Situating today’s challenges in a broad historical sweep of EU policy development, it will deal in turn with […]

Categories / Country and Regional Studies, Electricity & Nuclear, Energy and the Environment, Energy Policy, Research

Flexibility-Enabling Contracts in Electricity Market


The integration of large share intermittent renewable resources into countries’ energy mixes necessitates more operational flexibility in their power systems. By increasing flexibility, power systems become more resilient to the inherent uncertainty of renewable energy, thus becoming capable of operating at different generation levels and smoothly shifting among them. (IEA, 2014). Although flexibility has been […]

Categories / Electricity & Nuclear, Electricity Programme, Energy and the Environment, Energy Economics, Energy Policy, Research, Research in Progress

Global History of Fossil Fuel Consumption from 1950


Global fossil fuel consumption in 2000-2009 was running at more than four times the level of 1950-1959. Since fossil fuel consumption, and production, are key causes of global warming, it is generally accepted that reduction of both would be a good thing. And yet policies aimed at reducing consumption, at both national and international level, […]

Categories / Energy and the Environment, Energy Policy, Research

Implications of decarbonisation for electricity demand


The focus of electricity decarbonisation to date has largely been on the supply side – substituting low carbon sources like renewables and nuclear for conventional generation.  However, the implications for the electricity demand side are equally fundamental; it is not just that new pricing and metering systems will be needed – the customer will also […]

Categories / Electricity & Nuclear, Electricity Programme, Energy and the Environment, Research, Research in Progress