Authors: Ali Aissaoui, U. Bartsch, M Peebles, Ian Wybrew-Bond,

Gas to Europe, The Strategies of Four Major Suppliers

Gas to Europe: The Strategies of Four Major Suppliers is a new study on the European Gas Markets. Today we stand at the beginning of a new and important chapter in the history of European Gas Markets. There is a wind of change as the markets are being opened to competition. The gas producing companies and the major European gas utilities face the prospect of having to cope with high degrees of market risks.

The implementation of both the EU gas and the EU electricity directives will ultimately upset the arrangements which have enabled gas to establish itself in Europe, develop during forty years and gain a large share of energy demand.

Europe is rather unique in that its gas supplies come from four major countries where the producers are national oil companies. These are: Algeria, the Netherlands, Norway and Russia.

Gas to Europe is largely concerned with the policies of these main suppliers. How have they dealt with gas development in the past and how are they now dealing with the changing circumstances of their markets? Commercial objectives and political forces play an important role in determining the behaviour of these countries and their national companies, be it Gazprom, Gasunie, Sonatrach or Statoil.

This book looks at the recent history of gas in Europe to assess how the forces of change will interact with deeply rooted economic behaviour to generate new developments with far reaching consequences for energy markets on the Continent.


  1. Setting the Scene
  2. Algerian Gas: Sonatrach’s Policies and the Options Ahead
  3. Dutch Gas: Its Role in the Western European Gas Market
  4. Soviet and Russian Gas: The Origins and Evolution of Gazprom’s Export Strategy
  5. Norwegian Gas: The Struggle between Government Control and Market Developments
  6. What does the Future hold for the European Gas Business?