The role of hydrogen and CCUS in decarbonising the steel and cement industries in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Ali’s research focuses on the role of hydrogen and CCUS in decarbonising the steel and cement industries in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW)/Germany. Although there are European and German strategic goals to reach net-zero emissions by 2050, there is no consensus neither on the contribution of each decarbonisation technology nor on the type of technology. This disagreement is manifested in the discrepancies between different industrial roadmaps. A major part of this controversy is related to the uncertainties related to the future technologies in terms of costs, economies of scale, reliability and available resources. On the other hand, the geographical aspects also have a major influence on these factors as the availability and costs of resources in each region will affect the preferences and priorities.
NRW has been considered as a region of interest due to its unique location that influenced the economic and industrial profiles of the federal state, it is considered the hub of German heavy industry and one of the most important industrial regions in Europe. The research investigates the role hydrogen and CCUS in decarbonizing the steel and cement industries in NRW by means of implementing a techno-economic assessment and tracking the developments of hydrogen and CO2 networks in order to propose an optimum decarbonisation route for each plant while considering their comparative advantages in terms of location, consumption, capacity and economies of scale.