Research

The following provides summaries of the research in progress by staff of the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. The Institute’s unique multidisciplinary expertise allows it to examine the economics, the politics and the sociology of energy with a focus on oil and natural gas.

The specific subjects of research in progress, while set within these broad lines, necessarily reflects the particular research capacities, skills and interests of the research fellows.

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  • The Future of Networks

    By: Chris N Le Fevre

    The OIES research on decarbonising energy markets has identified particular threats to gas networks from both declining demand for gas and a failure to adapt to new requirements in a low carbon world. Gas networks represent a huge, sunk cost asset and with the right mix of investment and incentives they could play a significant […]

  • The Outlook for Nigerian Gas and LNG

    By: Claudio Steuer

    Nigeria has immense hydrocarbon wealth and took over 20 years to reach FID on Nigeria LNG.  In 10 years after FID, Nigeria LNG surpassed 20 Mtpa of production becoming at one time the 3rd largest global producer. The country spent over a decade pursuing an ambitious Nigerian Gas Master Plan with a massive planned expansion […]

  • Gas pipeline flows and utilisation rates in Europe

    By: Jack Sharples

    As European imports of Russian gas have reached historical highs since 2016, it has become increasingly important to consider the routes by which that gas is delivered, the extent to which those routes are fully utilised, and the related question of how much spare capacity remains in the system, particularly at times of peak flows. […]

  • Outlook for the Global Gas Balance

    By: Mike Fulwood , Jack Sharples

    The global gas balance is continuously shifting, as demand fluctuates, and new LNG export and import terminals are brought online. Using the OIES Global Gas Model, this research tracks developments in the supply-demand balance, including both ongoing trends in demand relative to the existing supply infrastructure, and likely future developments in terms of both predicted […]

  • The viability of changing the energy mix in Kuwaiti electricity production: A fiscal assessment

    By: Manal Shehabi

    In an effort to increase oil export revenue and to meet local electricity demands, the Kuwaiti government is planning to replace the majority of crude and petroleum products with imported liquefied natural gas (LNG) in its power generation by 2030.  The basic motivation for this plan is that it will enable freeing crude and petroleum […]

  • In pursuit of a long-lasting distribution network tariff design

    By: Rolando Fuentes , Rahmat Poudineh , Anupama Sen

    This paper addresses the question of how distribution fixed costs can best be priced, in the context of technological disruptions in the power sector.  The vast majority of network utility costs to serve residential and small commercial and industrial customers are fixed, and this means a first-best solution is unattainable. This is because distribution is […]

  • A Viable Integration Option for Electric Vehicles

    By: Dimitra Apostolopoulou , Rahmat Poudineh , Anupama Sen

    In recent years, efforts to decarbonise the transport sector through incentivising the adoption of Electric Vehicles (EVs) have gained significant momentum. However, similar to renewables, at some point policy must extend beyond the provision of incentives for EV adoption, and focus also on their integration with existing power systems. This is because EV penetration imposes […]

  • Electricity supply industry reform and design of competitive electricity market in Malaysia

    By: Maggie Kumar

    The Malaysian electricity industry has been a regulated monopoly system for years, and the government aimed to revise this structure to create a competitive and efficient electricity market system since the early 1990s. The reform of the electricity industry started with the privatisation of national utility company and the introduction of independent power plants (IPPS) […]

  • Gas and Renewables in the Future Electricity Mix

    By: Anouk Honoré , Anupama Sen

    Policy targets on complete decarbonization of the electricity sector have significant implications for the role of gas in the future electricity mix. Historical data from Europe shows that renewables have increased most rapidly within electricity in those countries which had the highest ability to integrate them, primarily through the presence of fossil fuel backup. However, […]

  • Consumer Participation in Electricity Markets: Assessing Evidence on Rationality and Consumer Choice

    By: Rahmat Poudineh , Anupama Sen

    Government targets on decarbonisation are transforming the way in which the electricity sector and electricity markets are organised. The sector is expected to become more decentralised, with new technologies expected to enable direct consumer participation in markets on a large scale, enabling demand-side response – the latter could serve to curb the need for new […]

  • Adoption of Renewable Electricity and Energy Storage in MENA

    By: Jonathan Walters

    The proposal is to write a series of papers around the theme of how well-adapted MENA institutions and sector governance are to undertaking and facilitating an economically-optimal energy transition, in the face of increasingly disruptive technologies in the electricity sector (particularly solar, windpower, and energy storage).  By “disruptive” technologies it is meant those technologies whose […]

  • The welfare implications of transmission grid infrastructure investment in Germany

    By: Lena Schreiner

    This paper contains a macroeconomic assessment of flexibility provision to integrate large shares of variable renewable energy sources into a power system. In particular, macroeconomic implications of investments in power transmission and distribution grid infrastructure in Germany are assessed. Modifications and restructuring of the German power system are aiming at sustainability, security of supply and […]