Research

The following provides summaries of the research in progress by staff of the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. The Institute’s unique multidisciplinary expertise allows it to examine the economics, the politics and the sociology of energy with a focus on oil and natural gas.

The specific subjects of research in progress, while set within these broad lines, necessarily reflects the particular research capacities, skills and interests of the research fellows.

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  • The Outlook for Nigerian Gas and LNG

    By: Claudio Steuer

    Nigeria has immense hydrocarbon wealth and took over 20 years to reach FID on Nigeria LNG.  In 10 years after FID, Nigeria LNG surpassed 20 Mtpa of production becoming at one time the 3rd largest global producer. The country spent over a decade pursuing an ambitious Nigerian Gas Master Plan with a massive planned expansion […]

  • The Outlook for Russian LNG

    By: James Henderson , Tatiana Mitrova

    Russia is set to become one of the four major players in the global LNG market, with the US, Australia and Qatar. The drive behind this important strategic move is Novatek, which has become the country’s LNG champion with significant support from the Kremlin. This research will outline the key projects in the growth of […]

  • Gas pipeline flows and utilisation rates in Europe

    By: Jack Sharples

    As European imports of Russian gas have reached historical highs since 2016, it has become increasingly important to consider the routes by which that gas is delivered, the extent to which those routes are fully utilised, and the related question of how much spare capacity remains in the system, particularly at times of peak flows. […]

  • Outlook for the Global Gas Balance

    By: Mike Fulwood , Jack Sharples

    The global gas balance is continuously shifting, as demand fluctuates, and new LNG export and import terminals are brought online. Using the OIES Global Gas Model, this research tracks developments in the supply-demand balance, including both ongoing trends in demand relative to the existing supply infrastructure, and likely future developments in terms of both predicted […]

  • The viability of changing the energy mix in Kuwaiti electricity production: A fiscal assessment

    By: Manal Shehabi

    In an effort to increase oil export revenue and to meet local electricity demands, the Kuwaiti government is planning to replace the majority of crude and petroleum products with imported liquefied natural gas (LNG) in its power generation by 2030.  The basic motivation for this plan is that it will enable freeing crude and petroleum […]

  • In pursuit of a long-lasting distribution network tariff design

    By: Rolando Fuentes , Rahmat Poudineh , Anupama Sen

    This paper addresses the question of how distribution fixed costs can best be priced, in the context of technological disruptions in the power sector.  The vast majority of network utility costs to serve residential and small commercial and industrial customers are fixed, and this means a first-best solution is unattainable. This is because distribution is […]

  • What Future for Retail Electricity Markets?

    By: Rahmat Poudineh

    The debate around electricity market design to date has focused on wholesale markets, largely ignoring end users and the retail business. Over the last two decades many jurisdictions around the world have opened up their retail electricity businesses to competition, to enable greater consumer choice. However, retail choice and competition has not benefited all users. […]

  • A Viable Integration Option for Electric Vehicles

    By: Dimitra Apostolopoulou , Rahmat Poudineh , Anupama Sen

    In recent years, efforts to decarbonise the transport sector through incentivising the adoption of Electric Vehicles (EVs) have gained significant momentum. However, similar to renewables, at some point policy must extend beyond the provision of incentives for EV adoption, and focus also on their integration with existing power systems. This is because EV penetration imposes […]

  • Meeting Peak Heat Demand

    By: Malcolm Keay

    Previous OIES research on heat has identified meeting peak heat demand as one of the key challenges for energy decarbonisation. This study will look at some particular aspects of the issue in more detail: First, it will consider possible future developments in the peakiness of heat demand, including such factors as government policy, building and […]

  • Fiscal Policy for Decarbonisation of Energy in Europe, with a Focus on Urban Transport: Case Study and Proposal for Spain

    By: David Robinson , Pedro Linares

    In this paper, we argue that fiscal policy in Europe is not aligned with decarbonisation and propose reforms to improve the alignment. We also report on a case study carried out to model the impact of implementing a version of the proposed fiscal reform in Spain. That case study illustrates that this fiscal reform is […]

  • The Liberalisation of the Gas and Electricity Market in Peninsular Malaysia: New Market Structures and the Roles of Market Players

    By: Maggie Kumar

    Malaysia is currently aiming to create a competitive gas and electricity market through restructuring, privatisation and creating a platform for the entry of new market players. The establishment of the independent regulatory institution and amendment of the gas and electricity legislations are some of the initiatives taken to facilitate the gas and electricity market reform. […]

  • Gas and Renewables in the Future Electricity Mix: Friends or Foes?

    By: Anouk Honoré , Anupama Sen

    Policy targets on complete decarbonization of the electricity sector have significant implications for the role of gas in the future electricity mix. Historical data from Europe shows that renewables have increased most rapidly within electricity in those countries which had the highest ability to integrate them, primarily through the presence of fossil fuel backup. However, […]