Natural (geologic) hydrogen and its potential role in a net-zero carbon future

With the accidental detection of naturally occurring hydrogen seeping from the ground around the world, many companies and governments have joined the rush for exploration and large-scale production of geological hydrogen. Nevertheless, despite ambitious projections and enthusiastic aspirations, significant uncertainties remain regarding the feasibility of native H2 becoming an important component of the energy transition. Consequently, its future potential role in this process is still unclear. This paper seeks to elucidate the potential niche that native hydrogen is likely to occupy in a net-zero carbon future. To achieve this, it undertakes a comprehensive review of current advancements in the field, conducts an analysis of existing knowledge, and highlights areas where uncertainties persist regarding this substance.

By: Aliaksei Patonia

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Hydrogen Programme

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