The following provides summaries of the research in progress by staff of the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. The Institute’s unique multidisciplinary expertise allows it to examine the economics, the politics and the sociology of energy with a focus on oil and natural gas.

The specific subjects of research in progress, while set within these broad lines, necessarily reflects the particular research capacities, skills and interests of the research fellows.

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  • The welfare implications of transmission grid infrastructure investment in Germany

    By: Lena Schreiner

    This paper contains a macroeconomic assessment of flexibility provision to integrate large shares of variable renewable energy sources into a power system. In particular, macroeconomic implications of investments in power transmission and distribution grid infrastructure in Germany are assessed. Modifications and restructuring of the German power system are aiming at sustainability, security of supply and […]

  • Financing Renewables in the Post-Subsidy Era

    By: Joel Krupa , Rahmat Poudineh

    As mature renewable energy sources such as solar photovoltaics and onshore wind have evolved from a high-cost to an ultra-low-cost energy resource, the government subsidies for them are being removed. This means these technologies can no longer rely on a guaranteed stream of revenue with the government as the counter-party to their long term contracts.  […]

  • Market Design for System Security: Managing Secure and Stable Transitions in a Decabonised Electric Grid

    By: Farhad Billimoria , Rahmat Poudineh

    The electricity market is experiencing a rapid shift away from traditional synchronous and dispatchable forms of generation, towards increasingly asynchronous and variable generation.  The market and dispatch challenges relating to this transition can be broadly categorised into either (i) system energy balancing a high share of variable generation sources and (ii) the challenge of maintaining system […]

  • The geopolitics of China’s energy transition 

    By: Michal Meidan

    China’s emergence as a global economic power and energy consumer has shaped global energy production and trade flows. In the fossil fuel world, though, China was a technology follower and a price taker. In the energy transition, China is likely to play a vastly different role. Government-supported efforts to spur innovation have coincided with growing […]

  • Demystifying China’s gasoline balances 

    By: Michal Meidan , Gabriel Collins

    Between 2008 and 2018, China’s gasoline demand doubled, from 1.5 mb/d to 3 mb/d, with gasoline alone accounting for over a third of the country’s total product demand growth. This was closely related to rising incomes and the phenomenal growth of China’s private car fleet. As a result, Chinese refiners and global markets are expecting […]

  • The future of diesel in China 

    By: Michal Meidan

    Diesel has been the most important refined product in China’s oil demand, accounting for a third of consumption in 2018 and for 25% of oil demand growth on average between 2008 and 2018. Historically, diesel was consumed in industry as well as in freight, fuelling trucks and commercial vehicles. But China’s industrial diesel demand has […]

  • Auctions and Pricing for Utilization and sizing of capacity in Distribution Networks

    By: Christine Brandstätt , Rahmat Poudineh

    With new consumer-bound technologies in distribution grids, the question that emerges is how to manage distributed loads and capture the potential to optimize utilization and sizing of the grid. Network charges signal network cost to users, but currently mainly serve to finance the infrastructure. The challenge is to guide network users via incentives. The aim […]

  • Brave New World: Is Ammonia a Silver Bullet for the Large Scale Electricity Storage Dilemma?”

    By: Aliaksei Patonia

    In the current conditions of constantly growing energy demand, the transition of national energy systems from fossil fuels to electricity is generally viewed as one of the crucial steps towards mitigating climate change through reducing carbon emissions. However, at the current stage of technological development, overall electrification is fraught with difficulties related to the limited […]

  • China drive for self-sufficiency in petrochemicals and its implications for global petrochemicals

    By: John Richardson

    China is the most important petrochemicals market in the world due to the volume of its demand growth. The scale of consumption is such that today several petrochemicals remain in major deficit in China – such as paraxylene, to make polyester, and styrene, which makes a range of plastics. But because of China’s more vulnerable […]

  • Outlook for China’s gas balances

    By: Michal Meidan

    China’s gas demand has surged on the back of the government’s coal-to-gas switching policy, leading China to absorb an incremental 17 bcm of LNG in both 2017 and 2018. While Beijing remains committed to its environmental targets, the economic slowdown is set to adversely impact industry—currently the largest gas consumer in China—reducing industrial users’ gas […]

  • Invention, Innovation and Diffusion in the European Solar Power Sector

    By: Jonas Grafström

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an economic analysis of the technology development patterns in the European solar power sector. The three classic Schumpeterian steps of technological development, invention, innovation and diffusion, are brought together to give a non-linear picture of technological development. An emphasis on public policy is presented in the paper […]

  • New Asian LNG Demand Markets

    By: Mike Fulwood , Martin Lambert

    The current and potential rapid growth in Asian LNG demand is not all about China and India. With the traditional markets of Japan, Korea and Taiwan looking at best at slow growth, the new markets are increasingly important targets for existing and new LNG suppliers. This new research will assess the current and projected supply […]