Have model, will reform? Assessing the outcomes of electricity reforms in non-OECD Asia
Non-OECD Asian economies comprise about 34 per cent of world primary energy demand, 60 per cent of the world’s population, and 65 per cent of the world’s poor, and are expected to account for more than 60 per cent of the total increase in energy consumption between 2015 and 2040. Energy sector reforms in non-OECD Asia are thus significant for global energy use, sustainability and socioeconomic welfare. The region has experienced a slow and difficult reform path, and after more than two decades of reform efforts, it is time to take stock of their outcomes. Using a novel dataset assembled for this purpose for the period 1990–2013 for 17 non-OECD Asian countries, the authors apply instrumental variables regression techniques to several electricity sector reform outcome models. They find that the standard reform model has had limited benefits, largely due to sectoral heterogeneity and institutional endowments. They also show empirical evidence of the theoretical trade-offs between the reforms’ technical, economic, and welfare objectives. The results call for rethinking of the effectiveness of reforms and awareness of the effects of key reform steps on different outcomes. This is useful for balancing the trade-offs among competing reform objectives.
Sen, A., Nepal, R., and Jamasb, T. (2018). ‘Have model, will reform? Assessing the outcomes of electricity reforms in non-OECD Asia’, Energy Journal, 39(4), 181–209.