Mari Luomi

Research Associate

Mari Luomi is a thematic expert and writer at the International Institute for Sustainable Development Reporting Services. Her core areas of expertise are natural resource and environmental policy and politics, with a special focus on sustainable energy and climate change policy in the Gulf Cooperation Council states and international climate politics. Her research currently focuses on the Gulf and Brazil. She holds a PhD in the politics of the Middle East from the University of Durham. From 2011 to 2013, she was research associate and a CIRS post-doctoral fellow at the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in Qatar. From 2006 to 2010, she held various research positions at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs, on both the Middle East Project and the Research Programme on the International Politics of Natural Resources and the Environment. She has also worked as adviser and senior researcher for the government of Qatar on environmental governance and international climate politics.

Contact

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                    [post_content] => In this study, Mari Luomi examines how the resource-rich GCC countries are positioning themselves in the international relations of the green economy, focusing on the UAE’s state-led efforts to acquire the means of implementation for a national green energy transition. The study addresses four questions: What strategies, external relations, and engagements have the UAE and other GCC states developed over recent years that support a transition to a green energy economy? How are these engagements providing the means of implementation for a green economy transition? Are the national policy frameworks aligned with such a transition? What lessons can be drawn from the UAE’s experience by the other GCC states?

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                    [post_content] => Brazil is at a crossroad with regard to its sustainable energy future. Despite currently boasting one of the world’s cleanest energy supplies, a number of current trends are pointing towards a deterioration of the country’s sustainable energy performance, measured in terms of renewable energy use, energy efficiency, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Firstly, declining emissions from land use and increasing demand for fossil fuels are turning energy into a key driver of Brazil’s domestic GHG emissions. Secondly, the electricity sector, dominated by large-scale hydropower, is facing challenges in meeting the growing demand. Worrying trends include the shrinking relative storage capacity in the system and the growing use of natural gas in lieu of cleaner sources. Thirdly, demand for transport fuels is growing fast, prompted by rising living standards and a long-term policy of favouring road transport. Expanding volumes and shares of oil are of particular concern and are intimately interlinked with the present troubles of the bioethanol sector. Furthermore, despite low levels of carbon and energy intensity, the country’s energy efficiency performance remains stagnant.

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                    [post_content] => This paper by Mari Luomi examines current trends in domestic climate policy in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states. Given the politicisation of the topic at the international level, the paper takes a bottom-up approach that departs from the countries’ national circumstances, capabilities and vulnerabilities. It emphasises the opportunities inherent in integrating the goals of low-carbon, resource-efficient and climate-resilient development into these countries’ sustainable development goals.

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Latest Publications by Mari Luomi

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