Jun Rentschler

Visiting Research Fellow

Jun Rentschler is a Doctoral Researcher at University College London, Institute for Sustainable Resources (School of Environment, Energy and Resources), and works as a consultant at the World Bank. Prior to starting his PhD, Jun was a Research Analyst at the World Bank’s Chief Economist’s Office for Sustainable Development, working on topics around climate change economics, green growth, risk, and resources. Before joining the World Bank, he worked as an Economic Adviser at the German Foreign Ministry, based at the German Embassy in Tokyo, where he focused on economic and energy policy. He has worked on energy, environment and development projects at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Grameen Microfinance Bank in Bangladesh, and the Partners for Financial Stability Program by USAID in Poland. Jun holds an MSc in Economics from University College London, with a specialisation in time series econometrics, and development economics.

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                    [post_content] => This study uses household expenditure data from Nigeria to understand energy consumption patterns with respect to income levels, different energy goods, urban and rural livelihoods, and geographical distribution. Using the empirical subsidy simulation model by Araar & Verme (2012), this paper simulates 50% and 100% reductions of subsidies on petrol, electricity and kerosene. It presents the estimated effects of such reforms on consumption, poverty, and government revenue. This analysis also determines the minimum level of universal cash transfer that is required to achieve “poverty neutrality” of subsidy removal; i.e. the threshold at which direct cash compensation offsets increasing energy prices, such that the national poverty headcount rate is unchanged after the subsidy removal. By disaggregating this analysis to the state level, it is shown that poverty effects (and thus the required poverty neutral cash compensation) can vary significantly across states. Understanding these differences in vulnerability, and designing adequate compensation and social protection policies is critical for ensuring public and political support for subsidy reforms.
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Latest Publications by Jun Rentschler

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