Donna Peng

Research Fellow

Donna (Dan) Peng is currently pursuing a joint Master degree in engineering and policy analysis, and electric power industry at Delft University of Technology and Comillas Pontifical University, respectively. She holds a MASc in chemical engineering from University of Waterloo, where she conducted simulation-based feasibility studies of utility-scale energy storage projects, and a BEng in chemical engineering from McGill University. Her interests are focused on the interdisciplinary study of complex systems in the field of energy: from the design and operation of energy technologies, infrastructure, and markets, to the social arena that incubates and regulates them.

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                    [post_content] => In order to fulfil its aspiration to become a middle-income country, Tanzania is working on improving infrastructure and service delivery in electricity provision, where $40 billion investment is needed in the sector to meet rising demand and widening electrification efforts from 2013 to 2035. This paper considers the institutional arrangements for investment in Tanzania’s power sector and surveys the track record (and possible bottlenecks) in funnelling investment to the sector, with special attention given to the gas sector, given the power sector’s planned reliance upon natural gas as a generation fuel. The paper finds that the financial health of TANESCO is central to all investment vehicles, since it is either directly responsible for investment, or indirectly, as the counter party to the variety of PPAs available with IPPs, EPPs, SPPs, or PPPs. During 2011–13, the financial position of TANESCO was negatively impacted by the increased of its electricity purchases, while the regulated tariff that it charges has not changed. The cost increase is partially attributable to non-favourable hydrology and partially attributable to the depreciation of Tanzanian shilling against the US dollar, in which PPAs are denominated.

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                    [post_content] => The increasing global use of natural gas for power generation has resulted in a period of interdependence between two important energy industries. Understanding of the extended gas-to-power supply chain is important for industry agents, power and gas system operators or integrated utilities, regulators, and government bodies responsible for overall energy policy. This paper seeks to align the study of gas and power industries by providing a holistic framework for the thorough identification and discussion of power and gas sector structure, infrastructure, market, and regulatory drivers. It acts as a lens through which the combined gas and power supply chains of any given country can be observed and understood. The gas-to-power supply chain of the United Kingdom is profiled to illustrate how the framework proposed can be applied to integrate the various dimensions of power and gas industries.

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Detailed study of the tariff setting methodology in place in Tanzania, as evidenced through its latest tariff review, and evaluation of the ratemaking principles used in the tariff approved in 2013 reveals that the core tension within Tanzania’s tariff setting methodology is the trade-off between efficiency, sufficiency, and stability principles. The ex-ante assessment of TANESCO’s revenue requirement, a typical incentive-based price cap regulation, is theoretically efficient but not robust: TANESCO’s costs of service are subject to important external uncertainties like hydrology, currency depreciation, and global fuel prices. In order to take revenue sufficiency into account, the regulator needs to periodically adjust tariffs based on ex post fuel costs and inflation rates. This diminishes the regulator’s ability to maintain tariff stability, which might impact certain classes of customers more than others (lifeline rate customers and domestic industries). The experiences of other nations, namely Bangladesh and Côte d’Ivoire, reveal a potential challenge with regard to power and gas co-development: if non-cost reflective gas tariffs are applied as a regulatory decision, then high gas demand that results from that cannot be indefinitely sustained, since investment in gas supply will not follow suite. The case study of Côte d’Ivoire also reveals a less obvious opportunity: periods of low electricity demand can be leveraged positively through electricity exports, which can positively influence investor interest.

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Latest Publications by Donna Peng

Latest research by Donna Peng

Latest Tweets from @OxfordEnergy

  • An OIES study quoted in a new article on Southern Gas Corridor’s contribution to EU energy security https://t.co/FRmW3dIcMf

    February 25th

  • GCC continues to invest in new capacity despite low oil prices while Iraq suffering from cuts, an OIES presentation https://t.co/mnZ2otLglu

    February 24th

  • Malcolm Keay cited in The Economist: The utility business model is broken, and markets are, too https://t.co/DeeWroJXGj

    February 23rd

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