Africa Oil & Gas Programme

Africa Oil & Gas Programme

The Africa Oil and Gas Programme is committed to providing an in-depth understanding of the current trends shaping Africa’s energy industry, from a national and regional perspective, and deep-look analysis on the main political, socio-economic, and security risks facing the oil and gas industry in African countries.

Historically Africa is one of the world’s most neglected energy provinces. In large part because of its relatively small reserves of oil and natural gas – despite notable exceptions such as OPEC members Nigeria, Angola, Algeria and Libya. However, new discoveries, particularly in Africa’s formerly hydrocarbon-poor east, have sparked a new wave of developments that are likely to change the face of Africa as an energy producer.

The Africa oil and gas programme offers a distinctive research platform to provide industry, government, academia and non-governmental and civil society groups with high quality independent research on the key developments, opportunities and challenges in Africa oil and gas.

Its research activities are focused on three developing areas on the African oil and gas scene:

East Africa and the next frontier

A decade of high oil prices were instrumental in unlocking new frontiers on the Africa oil and gas scene with major gas discoveries in Mozambique and Tanzania and new oil finds in Uganda and Kenya. And the completion of new regional pipelines and infrastructure in the coming years in East Africa may open up Central Africa and the Horn of Africa to further exploration activities.

After the boom

For large oil producers in North, West, and southern Africa, the fall in global oil prices has challenged the development and sustainability of the oil and gas industry. This theme explores how major producers, such as Angola and Nigeria, are coping with the lower price environment in recent years, and the future direction of their oil and gas activities.

Asian players

For the past two decades, Chinese, Indian, Malaysian and other Asian national and private oil companies have made significant inroads into Africa’s oil and gas industry. The growing presence, strategies, and unique structures of Asian players offers new competition, but also avenues of cooperation, for African and international oil and gas companies.

For further information on the Africa Oil and Gas programme at the Oxford Institute of Energy Studies please write to Luke Patey, Lead Senior Research Fellow or Bassam Fattouh.

For other OIES research on Africa >>

Latest Publications from the Africa Oil & Gas Programme

  • Oxford Energy Forum – Electrifying Africa – Issue 115

    This issue of the Oxford Energy Forum focuses on the electrification of Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Due to significant expected population growth, the number of Africans without electricity access in 2030 may not fall much from today’s level of about 600 million, which is about 60 per cent of the world’s current population without […]

    By: OIES

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  • The Politics of Renewable Energy in East Africa

    Less than a quarter of the population in East Africa has access to electricity – the lowest electrification rates in the world. This, combined with the region’s vast natural resources, present major opportunities for renewable energy investors. Solar irradiation levels are high due to proximity to the equator, wind speeds are some of the strongest […]

    By: Emma Gordon

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  • Ghana’s Oil Industry: Steady growth in a challenging environment

    This paper examines Ghana’s petroleum industry, its steady growth, and its initial challenges, such as the maritime border dispute and political interventions. Polarization between the two main political parties in Ghana, the National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the New Patriotic Party (NPP), has had important consequences for the industry. While an internal Ghanaian political dynamic […]

    By: Monica Skaten

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Latest research from the Africa Oil & Gas Programme

  • Oil and gas in a new Libyan era: conflict and continuity

    Libya has long been an idiosyncratic political and governance context for the oil and gas industry. Since independence in 1951 the country has passed through sharply contrasting periods of politics and governance, each of which has intentionally and unintentionally shaped the industry. In the latest period, since 2011, armed conflict and insecurity – rather than […]

    By: Richard Barltrop

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